3.4. Creating and Sharing your own Resources as OER
¶ 1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 2 Releasing your own educational resources as OER is as easy as applying a suitable licence and making the content as widely available as possible. Of course, that implies making sure you have cleared copyright on any third party material you use.
¶ 2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 Many universities and institutions around the world are implementing policies and schemes to encourage – and even reward in some cases – academics release their own teaching materials as OER. For instance, the University of Edinburgh (UK), in line with its values and mission, has introduced a policy encouraging staff and students to use, create and share OER – recommending the use of the CC-BY licence: http://www.ed.ac.uk/files/atoms/files/openeducationalresourcespolicy.pdf
¶ 3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 Another well-known case of a university implementing an institutional policy is the University of South Africa (UNISA). For further details on this consult the case study included in the OpenMed Compendium.
¶ 4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 However, if you are not lucky enough to work at a university that has already implemented an Open Education or OER policy, you should check with your employee before releasing your teaching materials as your institution might also be copyright owner of the work you do as a result of your employment.
¶ 5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 Many universities have repositories where their academics can archive their publications, but also teaching materials. Usually repositories ask contributors to specify the licence they need or want to apply for each file as part of the deposit process.
¶ 6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 0 Many academics have their own personal website or blog, sometimes supported by their institutions through a Domains of One’s Own initiative (DoOO), and this is also a very good way of sharing content as OER with the world. In order to do so, apart from creating your site, you will need to decide which specific licence you would like to choose for the release of your works, or whether you might even want to donate your resources to the public domain.
- ¶ 7 Leave a comment on paragraph 7 0
- This tool allows you to select your preferred CC licence and generates both an icon and a piece of code, so your choice is readable to humans as well as machines (i.e. search engines): https://creativecommons.org/choose/?lang=en
- In case you want to waive your copyright rights all together and contribute some of your work to the public domain, you can then use the CC0 tool: https://creativecommons.org/choose/zero/waiver
¶ 8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 0 You don’t need to use always the same licence. On the contrary, you might want to pick different variations depending on the nature of each particular work you share (e.g. allowing commercial uses, requiring share alike). You will then need to mark each work with your chosen licence, as otherwise all rights will be reserved. If you would like to publish by default all the content on your website under a particular CC licence, unless otherwise specified, you can introduce for instance a note like this one in the footer or some other visible place on your website: “Except where otherwise stated, the content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.”
¶ 9 Leave a comment on paragraph 9 0 Beyond releasing granular content (e.g. stand-alone videos, books, audio files), there are also tools that enable the creation of OER courses. For instance, OpenLearn Create (http://www.open.edu/openlearncreate/) is a platform developed by the UK Open University that allows anyone to build and publish their own open courses. Apart from sharing content, it also offers the possibility of including interactive activities (e.g. quizzes) and opportunities for interaction with other learners (e.g. forums, peer-review). Moreover, it can also allow the issuing of digital badges so students completing a course can easily showcase their achievement.
¶ 10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 0
¶ 11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 0 OpenLearn Create provides a lower cost solution for projects and organisations wanting to deliver Open Educational Resources and free hosting of your course if you don’t require additional support. It enables you to personalise material to suit your learners, has a low barrier to collaborative community development of learning materials and a space to experiment with new technologies and ways of working. http://www.open.edu/openlearncreate/local/ocwaboutpage/about.php
¶ 12 Leave a comment on paragraph 12 0 For more tips and detailed instructions on how to share your resources as OER, you may check the How to Make Your Resources Open guide by the University of Edinburgh.
We have used “licenses” in section 2.2 and “licence” here. I guess it is the difference between UK and US language. I guess we need to opt for one of them.
Ok. I got it. It is plural. Sorry. 🙂